Ghazwa-e-hind and Pakistan’s proxy war in Kashmir Ghazwa-e-Hind is a notorious prophecy that is mentioned in some hadiths predicting a great battle in India between Islamic forces and ancient Hindustan (India), resulting in a conquest of the whole Indian sub-continent by Islamic warriors. The conquest is supposed to occur before the end-times and create an Islamic caliphate resembling the social order that existed at the time of Prophet Muhammad by imposing sharia, although many scholars considered these predictions to be already occurred during sultanate and Mughal times. It translates to : Armies carrying black flags will come from Khurasan, India would become part Khursan no power will be able to stop them and later India would become fully Islamic state. Allah would grant success to those warriors, as far as they would bring their kings by dragging them in chains. And Allah would forgive those warriors (by the Blessing of this Great War). And when those Muslims would return, they would find Isa Ibn Maryam [Jesus] in Syria (Rationalwiki). Many Muslim scholars believe that if indeed it is a hadith, then that also has happened long ago in 600-700 CE when Mohammad bin Qasim attacked India. After that, there have been a number of attacks on India from Central Asia by Muslim rulers, and India was under Muslim rule for a long time. Khurasan Hadith had been cited to mobilize Muslim soldiers. Sayings attributed to the Prophet Muhammad were often transmitted orally; formal, written compilations did not emerge until more than a century after his death. Other Indian Muslim clerics have offered alternative explanations of the Hadith. Maulana Abdul Hamid Numani of the Jamiat ul-Ulema-i Hind (Society of Indian Islamic Scholars) says that this Hadith was fulfilled at the time of the Four Righteous Caliphs, when several companions of the Prophet came to India in order to spread Islam. Mufti Sajid Qasmi, professor at Dar ul-Uloom Deoband, believes that the Hadith might also refer to the invasion of Sindh by Arabs under Muhammad bin Qasim in the eighth century. On the other hand, Maulana Mufti Mushtaq Tijarvi of Jamaat-i Islami India has suggested that the hadith is not genuine at all and it is just a fabrication intended to justify Qasim's invasion of the Indian subcontinent (Rationalwiki). Usage of Ghazwa-e-hind by Pakistan, it’s ISI, army sponsored terrorists and Islamic extremists in Kashmir: The term Ghazwa-e-Hind is frequently used by militant groups in Pakistan and it’s proxies in Kashmir to justify attacks and terrorism in India in the name of the "prophecy" (Rationalwiki). It was used as an ideology to initiate four wars by Pakistan on India and is still used to instigate terrorism and separatism in Kashmir as a proxy war strategy. In India Upfront, Times Now channel claimed : “Times Now has accessed a top-secret report that reveals that a new uncompromising hardline Islamic radical terror group has been founded in Pakistan with a specific aim of targeting India. The Ghazwa-e-Hind will be launched with immediate effect on India soil…” (TimesNow). This makes it evident that no matter how Islamic scholars interpret the Ghazwa-e-Hind and question it’s credibility, Pakistan and Islamic radical organisations and terrorist groups keep on using it to radicalise young minds to groom terrorists and madrassas in Pakistan and elsewhere, play an active role as a breeding ground for so called jihadists. The Kashmir Valley continues to be a major zone of religion-based fault-line conflict in India. There have been frequent displays of ISIS flags and jihadi symbols by Pakistan sponsored militant groups in the Kashmir Valley, especially in Srinagar. Kashmir has been a victim of jihadi militancy and violence. First an attack on Kashmir in 1948 and invasion by Pakistani aided kabilis (tribals) assisted by Pakistani army and thereafter a Pakistan propelled jihad raged in the Valley in 1989 and 1990, which led to the ethnic cleansing of Hindus. More than four lakh Kashmiri Hindus were forced to migrate out of their ancient homeland ‘Kashmir’ named after ‘Maharishi Kashyapa’, which was once the highest seat of learning Vedas and Hindu scriptures and attaining knowledge of ancient Hinduism and Buddhism. To date they have not been able to go back despite repetitive phony assurances given by the State government as well as the central government. In 1990 itself, the Indian government should have dealt with the jihadi insurgency in an effective manner after placing the valley under Governor’s rule. And thereafter, the displaced Kashmiri Hindus should have been re-settled in the valley by creating an exclusive security protected enclave for them. But nothing of that sort was done lest it undermined the political agenda of National Conference, PDP, Hurryat Conference and other political parties. Now India as a nation is paying the price for that tactical blunder. The aggressive attitude of jihadis and their iron grip on Kashmiri Muslims has successfully blocked the return of Kashmiri Hindus to their homeland. Since then the militancy, supported by Pakistani army and the ISI has continued. The latest upsurge in jihad began with Burhan Wani who was, by far, was one of the most wanted terrorist operating in the valley. He acquired a larger than life image by gathering a group of nearly fifty Muslim youth, many of whom were proficient in using social media and weapons, for fuelling a new wave of militancy. Along with his band of handpicked terrorists, Burhan used to post on the internet, pictures of himself and his aides in combat fatigues, armed with automatic weapons for promoting defiance of law among youngsters. On several occasions, he was seen holding the black flag of ISIS, though his allegiance to the dreaded organization could not be established. Burhan was killed along with two other armed militants on 8 July 2016 in a fierce encounter. Pakistan PM Nawaz Sharif declared him as a ‘martyr’ in his parliamentary speech. During his speech at the United Nations General Assembly on 21 September 2016, Sharif described Burhan Wani as a "young leader" who had emerged as a symbol of the latest "Kashmiri Intifada" meaning Kashmiri struggle. Deepak Kumar This article is written in personal capacity by author and does not reflect employer Deepak Kumar is a lecturer and researcher in School of Management, IT and Governance, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, KZN, RSA. His research interest are in Cybersecurity, Cyber-forensics, Info-warfare, Cyber-terrorism, and Geostrategic Affairs. References: